The Samaritans are not of Israel
The Samaritans are gentile people not of Israel. They believe that they are the descendants of the Northern Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. However, this claim runs afoul of the word of GOD.
Who the world say they are:
Maybe the world has fallen for it because if you search Google, you will get almost universally result: The Samaritans are an ethnoreligious group originating from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East. They may also confirm that today their main population is centered in the land of Israel (mainly in Holon):415 (2017) and Mount Gerizim: 381 (2017).
The world has written about them, but GOD has proved these words false
Samaritans claim to be of Israel but who are they really?
The Samaritans claim they are Israelite descendants of the Northern Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, who survived the destruction of the Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) by the Assyrians in 722 BCE.
”Their holy book, the Samaritan Pentateuch, apparently a modified text of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. This document is written in the Samaritan alphabet and used as scripture by them. It constitutes their entire biblical canon. But they are known to possess a Book of Joshua. This, of course, is based upon the Tanakh’s Book of Joshua. The Samaritans regard it as a non-canonical secular historical chronicle.
The Samaritans believe that, since more than 3600 years ago, they came to live on Mount Gerizim because Moses, in his tenth commandment, ordered them to protect it as a sacred mountain and worship on it. Apparently the Samaritans do not know that the GOD of Israel has documented their existence for us in HIS Word, the Bible.
Who the Bible says they are:
The Samaritans’ origin is well documented in the Bible which proves they are not of Israel. Because of their idolatry and general wickedness, the LORD ordered Assyria to Destroys the Northern State and bring the kingdom to an end. The Bible documents a series of events that culminated in the dissolution of the state Northern Kingdom of Israel.
(2 King 15:19-20) In his days Pul king of the Assyrians ascended upon the land. And Menahem gave to Pul a thousand talents of silver for his hand to be with him, to strengthen his kingdom in his hand. And Menahem brought forth the silver for Israel, excised upon every mighty man in strength, to give to the king of the Assyrians — fifty shekels for the one man. And the king of the Assyrians returned and did not station there in the land.
While the king called Menahem ruled over the land, the king of Assyria laid siege to the land. Menahem paid a bribe of a thousand talents of silver and became his puppet. Menahem extracted the money out of the well to do people of Israel. It was a burdensome arrangement for the people. These conditions precipitated a sequence of events to unfold:
The state of Israel began a slide into disintegration
In 740BCE Pekahiah (probably) killed Menahem and reigned in his stead. These events are documented in (II Kings 15:22-23)
Two years later In 738BCE Pekah killed Pekahiah and began to reign (II Kings 15:32-33)
19 years later In 718BCE Hoshea killed Pekah and reigned in his stead (II Kings 15:30)
Speaking of Hoshea (2 kings 17:3) Against him there ascended Shalmaneser king of the Assyrians; and Hoshea became to him as a servant, and he bore gifts to him.
At some point in his reign the Assyrians came up against Hoshea. They made an agreement that Hosea would pay tribute and the Assyrians would stay away from him.
(2 kings 17:4) And the king of the Assyrians found a plot by Hoshea, for Hoshea sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and did not bring gifts to the king of the Assyrians year by year. And the king of the Assyrians assaulted him, and tied him up in the house of the prison.
Hoshea appeared to have reneged the agreement, stopped sending tribute, Then he secretly made a deal with So, king of Egypt to probably assist him with troops to withstand any impending assault by the Assyrians. The Assyrians pay Hoshea a visit. Hosea was captured and imprisoned (in Samaria or somewhere in the outlining Israel areas or probably in Assyria)
Hoshea captured and later Samaria also
(2 kings 17:5) And the king of the Assyrians ascended unto all the land, and ascended unto Samaria, and assaulted it for three years.
Even though Hoshea was captured, the organs of state persisted because it took at least three years for the Assyrians to finally capture Samaria (the state capital)in 709 B.C
6) In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of the Assyrians seized Samaria, and he resettled Israel into Assyria, and he settled them in Halah and in Habor, the rivers of Gozan, in the mountains of the Medes.
The Assyrians exiled out of Samaria, Israel to several lands, including Habor, Helah, Areas close to the rivers of Gozan
The first mention of Samarians who are not of Israel
The Samaritans are obviously not of Israel, because they have never appeared in the Bible prior to this.
It may have been customary for the Assyrians, to exile some of the conquered people to other parts of their empire. because we read the following in (2Ki_17:24)
(2Ki_17:24) And the king of the Assyrians led from out of Babylon the one from out of Cuthah, and from out of Ava, and from out of Hamath, and Sepharvaim, and settled them in the cities of Samaria instead of the sons of Israel. And they inherited Samaria, and they settled in its cities.
The Assyrian conqueror of Israel took people from other parts of their empire, namely: Cuthah, Ava, Hamath, Sepharvaim. There is no shadow of a doubt that these are gentiles. Also, notice that the Assyrians only settled them in the city of Samaria, in its towns. This suggests that they were not settled in Israel proper. This is important to understand why they were called Samaritans.
The Samaritans have no knowledge of the GOD of Israel
The Samaritans are accustomed to their gentile gods, consequently, they do not respect the GOD of Israel
(2Ki_17:25) And it came to pass in the beginning of their place of sitting down, they did not fear the LORD. And the LORD sent among them the lions, and they were being killed by them.
The Greek word “fearG5399” or the Hebrew version H3372 conveys the same meaning. It is basically meaning that they were not afraid of the GOD of Israel. HE doesn’t frighten them; they do not have any respect for HIM. They continued with the same practice they took from their former homeland. But quickly HE got their attention by sending lions to kill them.
(2Ki_17:26) And they said to the king of the Assyrians, saying, The nations which you resettled and relocated, in the cities of Samaria, they know not the distinguishing manner of the God of the land. And he sent to them lions, and behold, they are killing them, in so far as they do not know the distinguishing manner of the God of the land.
They believed the solution is the correct way of serving the god of the new land they occupy
Idolatrous Israelite priest sent back to Samaria
(2Hi_17:27) the king of the Assyrians gave charge, saying, Lead away there one of the priests whom I resettled from Samaria! and let him go and let him dwell there! and he shall enlighten them on the distinguishing manner of the God of the land.
To fix this, the situation of lions killing these gentiles, the Assyrian king gave the order to bring one of the priests of the Israelites from the place they had resettled with Israelites. Notice two important things here: This priest they brought back was of the stock of the wicked, idolatrous and rebellious ones. Secondly, this priest would have had to bring back with him a copy of the Torah. So, therefore, it is no mystery that these gentiles would have the first five books of Moses today.
(2Ki_17:28) And they brought one of the priests which they resettled from Samaria, and he settled in Bethel. And he was enlightening them how they should fear the LORD.
Interestingly enough, they put him to live in Bethel, which was the seat of the calf worshipping religion that Jeroboam had instituted in Israel.
First time Samaritans is mentioned in the Bible
Another way we know that the Samaritans are not Of Israel is in (2Ki 17:29) where we see the word (Samaritans H8118) referenced for the very first time in the bible.
(2Ki 17:29) yet was making nation by nation their own gods, and putting them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, nation by nation in their cities where they lived.
Below GOD continues to make the distinction between Samaritans and Israel. The GOD of Israel is making the determination for our posterity that when the Samaritans today say they are of Israel, we have the certainty they are not.
(2Ki_17:30-31)the men of Babylon made Succoth Benoth.the men of Cuth made Nergal. the men of Hamath made Ashima. the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak. And the Sepharvites incinerated their sons by fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, gods of the Sepharvaim.
These are gentile nations of Babylon, Cuth, Nergal, Hamath, the Avites, and Sepharvites. They continue to serve their own national gods in the towns of Samaria.
(2Ki_17:32-33) And they were fearing the LORD, and they made for themselves priests of the high places; and they offered for themselves in the houses of the high places.They were fearing the LORD, and they served their gods, according to the distinguishing manner of the nations from where he resettled them from there.
Being taught by the idolatrous priest that was sent among them, they made themselves priests of the high places and did offerings and sacrifices. But all they were doing was serving their gods according to their individual customs.
Samaritans can never serve the GOD of Israel
The following serves as a summary of the Samaritans and distinguishes them from the sons of Israel. These Samaritans have instituted a religious system, but it is quite unlike the ordnances and according to their judgment, and according to the law, and the commandment which the LORD gave charge to the sons of Jacob. In “whom he established his name Israel.
Furthermore, “the LORD ordained with them a covenant, and he gave charge to them, saying, you shall not fear other gods, and you shall not do obeisance to them, and you shall not serve to them, and you shall not sacrifice to them” However, Israel breached the covenant, therefore they have now being displaced by the gentile Samaritans in their own towns of Samaria.
(2Ki_17:34-35) Until this day they do according to their distinguishing manner. They are not fearing the LORD, and they do not do according to their ordinances, and according to their judgment, and according to the law, and according to the commandment which the LORD gave charge to the sons of Jacob, of whom he established his name Israel. And the LORD ordained with them a covenant, and he gave charge to them, saying, You shall not fear other gods, and you shall not do obeisance to them, and you shall not serve to them, and you shall not sacrifice to them.
(2Ki_17:41) And these nations were fearing the LORD, and they served to their carvings; even indeed their sons, and the sons of their sons — they do as did their fathers unto this day.
To this day, the 21st century, the Samaritans, indeed their sons, and the sons of their sons, worshipped as their fathers do while claiming to be of Israel
Clearing up the semantic: Samaria Samaritan/s, Samarian/s
Even though it is very simple to show that Samaritans are not of Israel. Many people will introduce contentions, using certain passages of the Bible. But the key to busting throughthis quagmire is to understand the meaning of the words and the context in which they are used. Consequently, then we will be able to explain the verses that are in contention.
Samaria (H8111) This is designating the capital of the ancient northern Israelite state
(1Ki_13:32) For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
Samaria (G4540) the region of Samaria created by the Romans during the time of YESHUA. The ancient capital of Samaria still persisted through the times of YESHUA (see Map figure 01)
(Luk_17:11)And it came to pass, as he went to Jerusalem, that he passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee.
Samaritan (G4541) This is singular and primarily refers to as an individual from that ethnic group called Samaritans. They are NOT the sons of Israel. 1) Also from the Thyer: 1a) an inhabitant of the city of Samaria 1b)
2)an inhabitant of the region of Samaria
(Luk_17:16) And fell down on his face at his feet, giving him thanks: and he was a Samaritan.
Samaritans (G4541) This is the same word above but, only this time it is used in a plural sense
(Mat_10:5) These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:
Samaritans (H8118) appear here the first time. This is an ethnic group. The group referenced in this study. They are NOT the sons of Israel
(2Ki_17:29) Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt.
Misconceptions about the Samaritans
The idea that the Samaritans are half-Gentiles and half Israel is unfounded. They suggest that when the Assyrians brought the Samaritan gentiles to Samaria, they intermarried with the sons of Israel to form a Samaritan race. It is never easy to determine exactly where these myths and legend got started but I will propose and discuss a few. For example in (Ezra 9:1- 2) below
(Ezra 9:1-2) And as these things were finished, the rulers approached to me, saying, The people of Israel did not separate, and the priests and the Levites, from the peoples of the lands in their abominations — of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite, the Ammonite, the Moabite, and the Moserite, and the Amorite. For they took of their daughters to themselves, and to their sons, and the holy seed mixed together among the peoples of the lands; even by the hand of the rulers and of the commandants in this breach-of-contract in rule.
The nations mentioned here do include Samaritans. They are Canaanite, Hittite, etc. Furthermore, in the case of these nations, Ezra had remedied that situation. All the men transgressing was ordered to divorce their foreign daughters and send them away with the children they bore. (Ezra 10:1-44)
It could also have been built upon the passages of (Nehemiah 13:23-31) But one quickly notes that the only foreign nation referenced here are Ashod, Ammon, and Moab.
(Neh 13:23) And in those days I saw the Jews who settled with wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, and Moab.
But also, in that case, Nehemiah apparently fixed.
(NEH 13:30) And I cleansed them from all aliens, and appointed watches to the priests and the Levites, each one in his work,
Sanballat the Horanite or the Samaritan?
This is pure conjecture. this spurious association of the name Sanballat the Horanite with the Samaritans appears in (Neh 4:2)
(Neh 4:2) And he spoke before his brethren, and the force of the Samaritans, and he said, What do these Judahmen do — the Jews? Shall we not abandon them? Is it to sacrifice? Is it that they will be able to? And today, will they repair the stones with the embankment rubbish for being burnt?
Sanballat appears only in the book of Nehemiah. On the other hand, the word Samaritans only appear in the old testament two times(2Ki_17:29 and Neh_4:2) In Nehemiah 4:2 each time it is rendered as the force of the Samaritans; the army of Samaria; the multitude of the Samaritans, the army of Samaria. consequently, they make the connection that Sanballat the Horanite is a Samaritan. But, Sanballat the Horanite is a different entity than “the forces of the Samaritans” who were in contention against Judah. most noteworthy is the fact that Sanballat was actually a Moabite.
Sanballat was actually a Moabite
The “Brown-Driver-Briggs” Definition of an Horonite =
“native of Horonaim”
1) an inhabitant of Horonaim in Moab1a) the designation of Sanballat, the opponent of Nehemiah
After making this false association with Sanballat and the Samaritans they went further to make another association of mixed marriage
(Neh 13:28) And from the sons of Joiada, Eliashib the great priest, in-law to Sanballat the Horonite — even I threw him from me.
Yes, there were a few intermarriages. But as the record shows it was no large-scale mixed marriage. and even when that happened Ezra and Nehemiah ended it. At some point, the rulers were making marriage and other associations with the men of the land.
Since this man was a Moabite and not a Samaritan, this information would, therefore, nullify any claims that the samaritans are a mixed-race of Samaritans and Israelites. There was never a single recorded incident of mixed marriage among Samaritans and Israel in the Bible.
The woman at the well near Sychar was not of the Samaritans but of Israel
In order to propel forward the idea that the Samaritans are a mixed race of Samaritans and Israelite, they often try to paint the woman at the well of Sychar as a Samaritan. But her conversation with YESHUA in (John 4:4-7) proves she can only be of Israel.
(John 4:4-5) But it was necessary for him to go through Samaria. He comes then into a city of Samaria being called Sychar, neighboring the place which Jacob gave to Joseph his son.
This would be a very familiar place for Israelites of that day. Because those familiar with the are the area would know about Jacob’s well. YESHUA passed through there because this was the shortest point for ones traveling through to Jerusalem. (see Map figure 01 )
(Joh 4:6-7) And the spring of Jacob was there. Then Jesus being tired from the journey, sat thus at the spring; it was about the sixth hour. There comes a woman from out of Samaria to draw water. Jesus says to her, Give to me to drink!
See (Figure 01) above for the location for the city of Samaria(G4540). Then match this place to the same word used in the above translations in (Figure o2) This is simply saying that this woman lives in a village called Sychar in the city of Samaria. She is an Israelite.
(Matthew 10:5-6) These twelve Jesus sent, exhorting them, saying, Unto the way of the nations you should not go forth, and unto a city of Samaritans you should not enter. But you go rather to the lost sheep of house of Israel!
The above verse confirms that the Israelites live in close proximity to Samaritans, who live in some of the towns of the ancient Israelite capital of Samaria
More Confirmation she is of Israel
This woman is claiming that Jacob is her father because she confirms it in (John 4:12) additionally she confirms that her forefathers did obeisance in the mountains (John 4:20). Historically we know that they did this even though GOD commanded them not to, and to only worship in Jerusalem.
(John 4:12) Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave to us the well, and himself drank from it, and his sons, and his livestock?
(John 4:20) Our fathers in this mountain did obeisance, and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary to do obeisance.
If a Samaritan made these statements, certainly they would be lying and more worthy, is the fact that YESHUA didn’t correct her. Therefore she is telling the truth. This is proof that this woman is an Israelite and not of the Samaritans
The ten lepers were included Samaritans and of Israel
The verses in Luke 17, will also show that Samaritans and Israel are two different racially identifiable groups even though they dwell in the proximity of each other in the ancient Israelite capital of Samaria
(Luke 17:12) And of his entering into a certain town, there met with him ten leprous men, which stood at a distance.
(Luke 17:13) And they lifted their voice, saying, Jesus, master, show mercy on us!(Luke 17:15) And one of them, beholding that he was healed, returned with a great voice glorifying God,
(Luke 17:16) and he fell upon his face by his feet giving thanks to him; and he was a Samaritan.
(Luke 17:17) And responding Jesus said, Were there not ten cleansed; but where are the nine?
We understand that there were ten lepers that were cleansed, but to YESHUA’s disappointment, only the Samaritan returned to give HIM thanks
YESHUA refers to the Samaritans as strangers and not of Israel
YESHUA, in a reference to the Samaritan leper who returned to give HIM praises, referred to the Samaritan as “this Foreigner” Therefore this is one of the more positive indications that Samaritans and Israel are two separate nationalities.
(Luke 17:18) Were there not found any returning to give glory to God, except this foreigner?
(Luke 17:19) And he said to him, Having risen up, go! the belief of yours has delivered you.
People have been through the ages have made competing for claims about Israel’s ancestry.
Many have claimed to be of Israel, but the GOD of Israel has documented Israel in HIS word. Consequently, if the Bible is infallible and true, then certainly there can only be one Jacob. Consequently one has to prove the Bible in error to steal Israel’s identity.